GOLIA Monastery - Iasi

GOLIA  Monastery

Iasi, 51 Cuza Voda Street, Iasi county. Convent for monks.
Dedication day: “The Lord's Ascension”, 40 days after Easter.

 This century-old monastic establishment has dominated the city of Iasi since its founding up until now, being one of the most remarkable testimonies of the city’s ancient history. The following structures bear witness to the venerable history of the city: the gate tower, the four bulwark that were placed in the four corners of the monastic precincts, the surrounding wall (which also impress the eye due to the fact that it is half a kilometer long, very thick and windowed), and the monumental Church of the Ascension of the Lord that stands within the monastery. All of them prove the city’s remarkable ancientness and vibrant history.
 A Greek inscription that was discovered on a tomb slab (which dates from 1515), and another one, which was inscribed on a cross that had been donated by “the princely high magistrate Maxim Burnar and by his wife, Antimia” (in 1564), bear witness to the beginnings of this establishment. The commemoration of Ioan Golia and of his wife, the benefactors of the Ascension of the Lord Church in the city of Iasi, was held in 1575 – as is inscribed in a Gospel Bock which was donated to this holy establishment.
 The Golia family had founded this church in the 16th century is confirmed by two historical document that date from 1606, in which it was stated that Ioan Golia’s wife and son had offered the holy establishment to the Vatoped Monastery of Mount Athos (Ioan Golia was a high-ranking official at the princely court of Iasi at the time).
 In his chronicle of 1675, the Moldavian chronicler Miron Costin mentioned that this monastic establishment had been reconstructed during the reign of Vasile Lupu Voivode by the voivode himself, specifying that “it is called Golia, by the name of a boyar (…), who had a stone church constructed on this very location”. These are the pieces of information regarding the history of the church of the Golia Monastery in the period that preceded its reconstruction during the reign of Vasile Lupu Voivode (by the voivod himself). Commenced under Vasile Lupu Voivode in 1650, the construction of the church was completed by his son, Stefanita Voivode, in 1660, and painted by “Matei, Ion’s son”.
 Although some of the walls of the old building have been preserved, the votive inscription has not been preserved. In fact, the monastic establishment was almost ready in 1635 (when work had already been completed on the marble floor and on the furniture as well), so that it was Paul of Alep who first described it, praising the zeal of Vasile Lupu Voivode to build church sculpted in stone with remarkable craftsmanship. In 1672, Carol Magni, another prominent visitor, observed that “its (architectural) styles are eclectic” and that several Italian master-builders from Rome had been part of the team that had contributed to the construction of the church as well. In 1675, Miron Costin also remarked that Golia Monastery “is definitely, as one can easily see, way above all the other churches in the century, standing out from the rest”.
 In 1711 the holy establishment was also visited by Tzar Peter I who, according to the Moldavian chronicler Ion Neculce, remarked that it was the most beautiful religious establishment in the city of Iasi and that “it had been constructed following three different architectural styles: Polish, Greek and Russian”.
 In 1687, Jan Sobieski, King of Poland and commander-in-chief of the Polish army, set fire to the church of the monastery. Fortunately, immediately after that, the church was restored – as in attested by the fact that the marriage of Gheorghe Duca Voivode to Maria Brancoveanu was celebrated inside it in 1693, as well as by the fact that the marriage of Antioh Cantemir Voivode to Dumitrascu Ceaurul’s daughter was celebrated in here, too, in 1696.
 Another fire destroyed the church of the monastery during the reign of Constantin Mavrocordat Voivode, whereas under Grigore Ghica II Voivode it was downright devastated by a terrible earthquake.
 The restoration works considerably modified the architectural design of the establishment that had been founded by Vasile Lupu Voivode. It seems that the paintings inside the church were reconditioned in 1838. Another round of restoration activities involving the church, the towers, and the surrounding walls commenced in 1943 and was completed in 1947. The renovation works focused mostly on the consolidation of the dilapidated walls.
 Out of the former monastic objects that were deposited in the treasure-house of the establishment, we can still find a precious veil that bears the visage of our Lord. Now, liturgical vases of great value are being covered with this holy veil. Among the order priceless objects that have survived out of the ancient treasure-house, we can enumerate several sets of sacerdotal and hierarchical vestments, gospel-books that are overlaid with gilded silver, as well as other old liturgical items, including an old chalice that had been donated by Vasile Lupu Voivode.
 Also, a printing press, a publishing house, and the “Trinities Broadcast” of the Diocese of Iasi have also been accommodated within the monastery.
 At the time that the renowned Moldavian storyteller Ion Creanga was a deacon, he lived in one of the outbuildings within the monastery ground.

Category: Monasteries of IASI
Added: Aug 30, 2010
Articole similare
Users login
username:
Password:
Reclama
Contact Us

Loading...

Recomandari:
Resurse ortodoxe: www.resurse-ortodoxe.ro - Contine o bogata colectie de resurse ortodoxe audio/video/text: predici, rugaciuni, carti, conferinte, icoane, filme.
Agentia de stiri "Noutati ortodoxe": www.noutati-ortodoxe.ro - Ofera stiri si informatii din viata bisericii ortodoxe, evenimente religioase, conferinte, aparitii editoriale. Stirile pot fi preluate si de alte site-uri prin intermediul unui script.
Maica Domnului: www.maicadomnului.ro - Preacinstire pentru Maica Domnului - Prea Curata Fecioara Maria.
Biblia ortodoxa: www.biblia-ortodoxa.ro - Site de prezentare a bibliei ortodoxe, talcuiri, articole. Ofera Evanghelia si Apostolul zilei.
Biblia audio: www.biblia-audio.ro - Varinta audio partiala a bibliei ortodoxe.
Portal ortodox online: www.crez.ro
Calendar ortodox: calendar-ortodox.crez.ro - Calendar ortodox pentru anul curent generat dinamic cu icoana zilei; poate fi preluat de alte site-uri prin intermediul unui script.
Ascetica ortodoxa: www.ascetica.ro - Articole de cultura ortodoxa: religie, filozofie, stiinta.
Orthodox portal: www.orthodox.ro - A presentation of the orthodox romanian treasure.